Gastroparesis Acronyms



As you navigate Facebook and the internet, you may come across a variety of unfamiliar terms related to Gastroparesis. Melissa Adams VanHouten, the ADMIN for several Gastroparesis groups and one of the co-authors of Real Life Diaries: Living with Gastroparesis, along with some additions from blogger Nancy Brown, has developed the following list of common terms and acronyms:

 Term/Acronym Description
Button Tube A low-profile feeding tube that sits at skin level.
CIP Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction.  Paralysis of the small bowel.
Colonic Inertia A motility disorder in which fecal matter passes too slowly through the colon.
CVS Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Episodes of various lengths that involve nausea and/or vomiting and/or exhaustion.
DG Diabetic Gastroparesis. GP secondary to a diagnosis of diabetes.
DTP Digestive Tract Paralysis.
Dumping Syndrome When undigested stomach contents move too quickly into the small intestine.  Nutrients are not absorbed properly, and this can lead to malnutrition.
EDG Upper Endoscopy
EDS Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.  A group of connective tissue disorders.
Endoscopy/Scope Procedure whereby a long, flexible tube with a camera is used to view the GI tract.
Enteral Feeding/Nutrition Delivering food/nutrition directly to the stomach or small intestine.
G/J-Tube Gastrojejunostomy Tube.  A feeding tube that accesses both the stomach and the jejunum (middle part of the small intestine).
Gastric Electric Stimulator/Pacemaker/Pacer (GES) A small neurostimulator that is placed in the abdomen to help control nausea and vomiting.  It delivers electric pulses to the lower stomach.
Gastroduodenal manometry A test that measures pressure in the stomach and intestines as they contract
GE Gastric Emptying.
GERD Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.  A digestive disease characterized by acid reflux.
GES Gastric Emptying Study.  Measures the speed in which food empties from the stomach into the small intestine.
GI Gastrointestinal.  Also used to refer to one’s gastroenterologist.  Pertaining to the stomach and intestines.
GP Gastroparesis.  Paralysis of the stomach; delayed emptying of the stomach.
G-Poem Gastric per-oral Endoscopic Myotomy.
G-Tube Gastrostomy (or Gastric) Tube.  An abdominal feeding tube that delivers nutrition directly to the stomach.
Idiopathic  Of unknown/uncertain cause.
J-Tube Jejunostomy Tube.  A feeding tube placed directly into the jejunum (middle part of the small intestine).
NG Tube Nasogastric Tube.  A feeding tube that is passed through the nostril, down into the stomach.
NJ Tube Nasojejunal Tube.  A feeding tube that is passed through the nostril, through the stomach, and down into the middle part of the small intestine (called the jejunum).  It essentially bypasses the stomach.
NPO Nothing by mouth.
PCP Primary Care Physician.
PEG Tube Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube.  It is a G-Tube that is placed endoscopically.
PEJ Tube Percutaneous Endoscopic Jejunostomy Tube.  It is a J-Tube that is placed endoscopically.
PICC Line Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter.  A catheter inserted through a vein in order to deliver nutrition and/or medications more easily and efficiently.
POTS Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome.  A form of dysautonomia in which changes in body position result in an increased heart rate and accompanying problems.
PSG Post-Surgical Gastroparesis. GP that appears as a result of a surgical procedure.
QT Interval, prolonged/abnormal An abnormality in cardiac function sometimes attributed to certain GP drugs.
Scintigraphic Gastric Accommodation Way to evaluate gastric emptying
Spoon Theory This is a common explanation used by those with chronic illness to explain the amount of energy needed and used in a day.  It is the reason we are called “spoonies.”
Stoma The opening in the body where the feeding tube passes through.
TCA Tri-Cyclic Antidepressants. Sometimes used as a treatment for nausea.
TPN Total Parenteral Nutrition.  Providing nutrition directly into the bloodstream.  A central IV line is surgically placed for this method of providing nutrition.
WMC SmartPill Wireless Motility Capsule. An ingestible device used to measure motility.
WVF Weekly Vomiting Frequency.


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